Pershing Square stock could end up with a big minority stake in a large private company, which may turn out to be Bloomberg LP
Pershing Square Tontine Holdings Ltd (NYSE:PSTH) has bucked the trend of most SPACs (Special Purpose Acquisition Corp.), both in terms of the type of deal it’s looking to make and its size. Bill Ackman, a famous hedge fund manager, runs the company that’s sponsoring the SPAC. Investors who buy shares of the SPAC, which I will call Pershing Square stock or Pershing Square, will be able to follow in Bill Ackman’s footsteps by owning a stake in a large private company.
Recently, Pershing Square stock moved higher based on rumors that Ackman would use the SPAC to buy shares of Bloomberg LP. Published in the New York Post on Oct. 22, the story pushed the stock over $23, and the shares stand at $25.10 in early-afternoon trading today.
Buying a Stake in Bloomberg LP
Keep in mind that the SPAC went public on July 22, at $20 per share. That was a bit unusual, as most SPACs have an IPO price of $10. Therefore, the shares are now up over 25%, even though the SPAC has not yet closed on a merger with a private company.
Moreover, the sponsors of the SPAC are two of Bill Ackman’s hedge funds, as well as a public company called Pershing Square Holdings (OTCMKTS:PSHZF). These three companies, which formed Pershing Square TH Holdings, have pledged to put a minimum of another $1 billion into the SPAC. They can also buy up to $2 billion of shares (presumably at $20 per share) of Pershing Square stock.
Therefore, theoretically, the SPAC could invest up to $6 billion and more than that if it decides to sell debt. The Post article says that Michael Bloomberg might consider selling up to 20% of his $60 billion publishing company, Bloomberg LP. Bloomberg owns 88% of the company. So theoretically, he would still be in charge of the firm with a 66% stake.
Keep in mind that the the SPAC has not reached a deal with Bloomberg yet. In fact, Bloomberg LP denied this rumor, telling the Post that “the company is not for sale in any form.” It also denied that any such deal is being explored. But keep in mind that only Michael Bloomberg, not the company itself, would be selling shares in the scenario reported by The Post. Nevertheless, the denial seems pretty straightforward.
Buying a Minority Stake Is Unique
However, the rumor does do one thing for Pershing Square stock owners: It shows them the kind of large, significant, and unique deals that Bill Ackman is able to pursue.
Most SPACs look to combine with a private company. Known as a reverse merger, such a deal gives control of the merged entity to the private company.
The point is that Pershing Square is likely not going to end up conducting a reverse merger with a private company. For example, for the SPAC to end up owning 20% of Bloomberg, LP, it would have to raise another $6 billion in debt or equity to pay the $12 billion price.
But it would not merge with Bloomberg. Pershing Square Tontine Holdings might not even change its name. It would have one major asset, but no control over that asset as a traditional SPAC would have after it merged.
A second reason that Pershing Square is unique is its own internal structure. A recent blog by a law firm, Debevoise & Plimpton, points out all the unique aspects of the SPAC. The firm think that the structure should make the SPAC’s shareholders more confident in it.
What to Do With Pershing Square Stock
Right now this stock has a very unique structure. It might be one of the only SPACs in which I would consider investing before its merger announcement. Some key investors also seem to think so, including Kevin O’Leary and Baupost Group.
However, if you want more clarity, you could also buy the London-listed Pershing Square Holdings (OTC: PSHZF). It trades at a significant discount to the closed-end fund’s net asset value (NAV). This article in Investors Chronicle (which I consider the Barron’s of the UK) contains a great deal of information about the fund. As of Dec. 12, it was up over 60% in 2020.
And remember, Pershing Square Holdings is one of the three sponsors of Pershing Square stock. So Pershing Square Holdings will be able to buy the shares of the SPAC for $20.00 per share, once the SPAC makes a deal That will give Pershing Square Holdings another investment with great potential. (By the way, never buy a foreign stock in U.S. markets. It’s always better to buy ordinary foreign shares in overseas markets. I’ll write more about that some other time.)